“PIONEERING CARTOONISTS OF COLOR” BY TIM JACKSON
UNIVERSITY PRESS OF MISSISSIPPI (2016)
In 1997, Jackson published the now defunct website "A Salute to Pioneering Cartoonists of Color" on which he originally collated many of the histories and works discussed within the book.
"I was determined to make it impossible for writers of articles, monographs, anthologies, or encyclopedia entries on American cartoonists to make the usual excuse that they simply could not find any information about these artists," Jackson writes in the book introduction.
What I also appreciate about Jackson's book is how he admits in the introduction that Ormes was a "galvanizing force" in preparing this volume of his research.
"My first reaction upon reading about this gifted but little-known cartoonist was to ask why, in the face of all my research, I hadn't heard of her," he writes.
Jackson's work also acknowledges two Black women cartoonists who appear to have preceded Ormes in cartooning: Daisy L. Scott, editorial cartoonist for the Tulsa Star from 1920–1921 (i.e., until the publisher's building was burned down during the terrorism of the Tulsa Race Massacre); and Gloria C.I. Eversley, the cartoonist behind "Milady Sepia," an illustrated single-panel romance series Jackson dates as having published during 1935 in the Cleveland Call and Post.